Saturday, September 13, 2008

Wunu Mountain

Wu Nu Shan , which means the mountain of Five Women, is a mountain of historical and cultural significance located in the north of the town of Huanren, in Manchu autonomous county, Liaoning , China. The tallest is the 821 metre-high Main Peak.

Wu Nu Shan is the birthplace of the Korean Kingdom "Goguryeo" civilization and the last feudal dynasty—Manchu's Qing Dynasty. Its peculiar and beautiful landscapes had made it internationally famous in the last years.


Wu Nu Shan has a long history of human living. Recent years some archaeologists found historical remains and relics on the mountain. The oldest ones that had been proven are the potteries of the late Neolithic Age, more than 4500 years ago. Those relics also include some human-used weapons and producing tools which have thousands of years of history. According to the history books, 37 year B.C., the Korean Goguryeo was founded above the mountain, and the Goguryeo moved the capital to Gungnae Seong in the year 3. In 1424 when the third king of Jurchen Li Manzhu invaded Liao Ning with his troops, they quartered at this mountain and founded the Manchu kingdom.


Wu Nu Shan is located in the northeast of and the northwest of the Hun Jiang River, 8 km from the county. Its main peak measures 821 metres above sea level, has a length of 1500 m from the north to the south side and a width of 300 m from the east to the west side. Its central coordinate is 41°19’36”N,125°24’44”E.

Natural significance

Wu Nu Shan is located in the north temperate zone so the four seasons are four different beautiful portraits. There are more than 60 natural tourist spots. In the spring and summer one will find flowers, trees, butterflies and birds ; and down the river green waves of water and tourist ships together will make a paradise down the world. In the deep fall of year, red is the main color of the mountain because of the famous sweet gums. At the end of the year, the mountain will change a white coat and become a jade dragon lying besides the river.

Cultural significance

Wu Nu Shan is called "The First Defensive City Wall In The East," it has all the elements of a defensive city wall---temple, palace, barn, barracks, water source, and a city wall of more than 200 metres above the relative sea level. Therefore, the Goguryeo kingdom could quarter at the mountain as long as there can in the cold weapon era.


*1994 Awarded as the Most Protected Culture Relic
*1999 One of the Top10 National Archaeological Discovery
*2002 Awarded as the AAAA Class National Tourist Spot
*2004 Nominated on the UNESCO World Heritage List

No comments: